Why Is Taiwan So Obsessed With Hot Pot?

Years in the past, on considered one of my first journeys to Taipei, the good friend I used to be staying with took me to a scorching pot place like I’d by no means encountered earlier than. Almost as quickly as we have been seated, my pal was gesturing for me to face up once more, and I adopted her by means of a maze of cubicles, previous different clients and round to the again of the restaurant into one other room. There, I stood earlier than tall fridges with cabinets brimming with meat, seafood, greens, noodles, tofu, dumplings, and extra. I gaped, surprised on the abundance. “What do I do?” I requested.

My pal checked out me like there was one thing improper with me. “Grab a plate,” she stated. “Get whatever you want.”

As we returned to our desk and commenced sliding cabbage and slices of raw beef into the steaming yuan yang pot (a scorching pot cut up in two for various broths), I questioned what magical wardrobe world I had stepped into. Everything was scrumptious: The spicy broth was tingly with Sichuan peppercorns and chiles, flavored with smelly tofu and duck’s blood at my pal’s request; the clear pork broth was the right distinction for once I needed one thing extra delicate. After about an hour and a half, bellies full from a number of return journeys to the fridges, we went to the dessert coolers and served ourselves from a number of 12 flavors of Häagen-Dazs ice cream, along with fruit and different sweets. This was my first expertise with Mala Hot Pot (馬辣頂級麻辣鴛鴦火鍋).

Today, the chain continues to be my favourite for an enormous get-together. When my sister came over me final summer time, I insisted the best approach for her to satisfy all my pals can be to go to Mala Hot Pot. When one among my pals needed a birthday dinner for 12, I knew the place to make a reservation. And after an extended soak with pals at a scorching springs lodge, there was little debate over the place to finish our night.

Fish balls, meatballs, and seafood at Mala Hot Pot

Clams, scallops, and mussels at Mala Hot Pot

Mala Hot Pot was my introduction to the area scorching pot eating occupies in trendy Taipei life. The metropolis is dotted with tons of of scorching pot eating places, some that includes all-you-can-eat offers, others catering to single diners, and people specializing in a sure, high-quality ingredient like beef imported from America or Australia. Despite the dizzying number of Taipei’s scorching pot choices, what all of them supply are intimacy, enjoyable, and effervescent vats overflowing with meals.

At its most elementary, scorching pothuo guo (火鍋) in Mandarin — is an easy dish by which a pot of heated broth is positioned within the middle of a communal desk for diners to toss in numerous raw meat, seafood, and greens. When the meals is prepared, it’s fished out with a ladle or chopsticks and dipped in a sauce of the diner’s personal concoction. Think fondue, besides as an alternative of chocolate, cheese, or oil, you simmer your meal in soup. Hot pot is historically a winter dish, shared by households and buddies throughout Taiwan’s chilly, wet months, however because of high-powered air con, it has grow to be in style year-round.

A lamb hong xiao (purple broth) scorching pot at More Joy Lamb

As a child rising up in New Jersey, I hated scorching pot. It required an excessive amount of ready and an excessive amount of work. We needed to wait whereas my mom’s broth of hen inventory and ginger, goji, shiitake, and dates got here to a boil in a big, wok-shaped electrical pot. We needed to wait once more whereas the meals cooked. And even after eradicating every chew from the broth, we nonetheless needed to make our personal sauce so as to add extra taste. I didn’t get it.

In school, my opinion started to vary. Far from my household through the Lunar New Year of my freshman yr at Barnard College, I trekked to Manhattan’s Chinatown with a gaggle of Chinese and Taiwanese pals and we took over two giant tables at a scorching pot restaurant. While we handed platters of meat and dumplings forwards and backwards, we chatted and laughed, our faces partially obscured by the steam emanating from the pot. At the top of the meal, my insides heat and heavy with broth, I seemed round and felt fortunate to have a selected household, a group who understood my tradition, even away from residence. For the years that adopted — via the remainder of school and past — I had scorching pot with buddies many occasions, typically at all-you-can eat eating places and typically huddled round a communal pot in somebody’s dorm room. The meal turned not simply an excuse to collect, however an expression of togetherness rooted in our eager for residence.

Implicit in conventional scorching pot is a way of intimacy and egalitarianism. There is not any head chef. Anyone can slide a plate of bamboo shoots or child corn into the boiling broth; anybody can ladle out meals. The intimacy comes, in fact, from sitting and sharing a meal, but in addition as a result of everyone seems to be consuming from the identical vessel. Throughout the meal, diners verify on the meals. Your companions may name out, “The radish is done!” or, “Eat the meat! It’s overcooking!” whereas heaping meals into your bowl. They may take the initiative to skim the cloudy fats off the highest of the broth. The act of consuming scorching pot requires diners to speak, work together, study to belief, and take consolation from each other.

There can also be the straightforward symbolism of “roundness.” In Chinese and Taiwanese tradition, roundness, the circle — yuan — symbolizes unity and reunion, with the phrase tuan yuan (團圓) which means to reunite with household. When you eat scorching pot, the effervescent cauldron of broth is spherical, the desk you sit at is usually spherical, and also you’re seated round it with family and friends. It is sensible that it’s the favored household reunion meal or tuan yuan fan (團圓飯) for the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival (中秋節), a vacation that celebrates the complete harvest moon.

In the center of my fourth month of dwelling in Taiwan, I got here down with a bout of bronchitis that dragged on for weeks. While I used to be nonetheless getting over the sickness, I met another American buddies to attempt ginger duck for the primary time. Even although I had barely slept the night time earlier than, I insisted we go; it was mid-March, and ginger duck is on the market solely through the winter months.

Crowds at Bawei Ginger Duck

One aspect of the restaurant we went to, Bawei Ginger Duck (霸味薑母鴨), opened out onto the sidewalk, with tables filled with diners seated on stools and spilling into the road. The utensils and beer have been self-serve, the fermented tofu sauce and soy sauce have been in plastic squeeze bottles, and raucous teams of younger and previous Taiwanese diners chattered enthusiastically round us. While not strictly thought-about scorching pot, ginger duck is served in an identical method: We ordered broth and elements off a easy ticket, principally duck elements — coronary heart, liver, intestines, meatballs — plus corn, mushrooms, cabbage, and a aspect of rice noodles tossed in sesame oil and sprinkled with fried shallots. We didn’t order the menu’s costliest merchandise, the duck testicles, though I might find yourself making an attempt them on one other go to. (For these curious, they’re formed like giant kidney beans and have the flavour and texture of scrambled eggs wrapped in sausage casing.) The servers introduced coals for the desk’s inset burner, after which a big pot full of mushrooms, duck meatballs, corn, and items of bone-in duck meat. Other gadgets, just like the duck elements and cabbage, have been introduced on plates for us to prepare dinner because the broth got here to a boil.

While ready for the greens and duck elements to prepare dinner, I ladled myself a few of the soup. It made me gasp: The taste was wealthy with ginger and duck. In Chinese drugs, ginger is taken into account “warming,” one thing to chase away colds, ease menstrual cramps, and convey warmth again to chilled bones. For me, after preventing bronchitis, the broth appeared like a miracle treatment, opening my sinuses and restoring the power I’d been coughing up. By the time I used to be dipping meatballs and crunchy strips of duck gut in fermented tofu sauce, I felt higher than I had in weeks.

When I requested my Taiwanese buddies why they love scorching pot, virtually all of them talked about the consolation and comfort. One famous that it’s common in Taiwan to say that there are two seasons — scorching pot season (winter) and grill season (summer time). Judging by the strains at Taipei’s best-known scorching pot eating places, although, the sweltering humid months don’t diminish its reputation.

Despite the meal’s roots in communal consuming, comfort is a significant factor behind the success of particular person scorching pot eating places. For metropolis dwellers, and notably for busy, drained younger professionals, personal-sized scorching pots is usually a fast and wholesome meal that additionally sparks nostalgia for gathering with family and friends. With elements already ready, it may be extra sensible than shopping for giant portions of greens and meat for one individual to take residence.

An worker at Hui Brother Stone Pot stir-fries meat within the restaurant’s crowded eating room

A sha cha flavored bowl at Hui Brother Stone Pot

Hot pot eating places additionally have a tendency to remain open later than different institutions. Despite Taipei’s standing as a contemporary metropolis, many eating places shut by 9 p.m. Hot pot eating places, nevertheless — together with re chao eateries recognized for fast, greasy consolation meals — may stay open as late as 2 within the morning. For these on the lookout for a late-night outing with buddies, scorching pot is usually the best choice.

I think there’s a 3rd cause for decent pot’s reputation — its worth. Taiwanese meals blogs tout scorching pot eating places that provide numerous, high-quality, all-you-can-eat components and people recognized for a la carte and set menu choices that includes giant platters of combined seafood and imported meat at reasonably priced costs. My associates typically debate which all-you-can-eat choices supply the most important sorts of greens and the best shellfish, and which embrace wine and beer. Once, I watched a pal maximize his AYCE scorching pot meal by devoting his complete two-hour session to peeling after which boiling prawns and crab claws.

Over the three years I’ve lived in Taipei, scorching pot has grow to be inextricably woven into the narrative of my life. When I used to be first attending to know my new Taiwanese pals, lots of whom I met via a operating group, they invited me to Lian Jin Pickled Cabbage Pork Northeast Pot (連進酸菜白肉鍋), a sequence specializing within the sour-salty broth that may be a specialty in Northeastern China. After our first relay race in Taipei, my staff and I went to Chao Rau Sukiyaki (潮肉壽喜燒) to have fun, replenishing spent energy and protein with skinny slices of meat blanched in a candy mirin and soy sauce broth after which dredged in uncooked egg.

When I used to be going by means of an egg-freezing process in Taipei, I used to be giving myself day by day hormone injections that made scorching pot the one meals I might abdomen with out getting nauseous. I ate it for each meal, typically alone and typically with buddies, grateful for Taipei’s big selection of broths and types. Although on the time I had hassle with seafood-based broths, I notably beloved stone scorching pot, the place they first saute your meat with sesame and onion in a cast-iron and stone pot. After the half-raw meat has launched its juices, they put it apart so that you can prepare dinner later, then pour within the broth. This additional step provides the pot a richer and extra aromatic taste.

These days, my pals giggle at my love for decent pot — I eat it a minimum of as soon as every week, typically extra. I’ve tried white pepper broth, milk broth, hen broth with rice wine. I’ve tried decadent, high-end eating places the place marbled cuts of American beef are organized to seem like roses and enormous lobsters are served over a bowl of ice. I’ve eaten at nondescript spots that serve smelly tofu and duck blood in tiny, stainless-steel pots warmed by Sterno canisters. I’ve been to locations the place all of the elements are natural, the place they boast 20 several types of imported meat, the place you’re given appetizers and desserts together with your set meal, and the place they solely serve a single sort of stewed lamb. I’ve made scorching pot at residence, slurping noodles over my burner, and I’ve eaten it at buddies’ homes, with every visitor bringing totally different components whereas the host offers broth.

Pouring broth right into a cauldron at More Joy Lamb scorching pot

This yr, on Lunar New Year’s Eve, I discovered myself consuming with a gaggle of strangers at an Airbnb in Chishang. My father and I had escaped to this small city in Eastern Taiwan for the vacation, assuming we’d take pleasure in a quiet meal that night at any eatery that was nonetheless open. But our hosts had insisted: They would put together a New Year’s Eve meal for his or her friends, together with backpackers from Taipei, cyclists from Ireland, academics from Yilan, neighbors from proper there in Chishang, and us, two Taiwanese Americans. The meal was, in fact, scorching pot — two of them, full of greens and meat, one with clear hen broth and one with spiced lamb broth. As we slurped soup and handed plates heaped with cabbage, sticky rice, and pork, we chatted with these new buddies. In Taiwan, scorching pot is a consolation meals, one which brings individuals collectively. For me, it’s much more particular: scorching pot represents my sense of belonging. It’s a style of the locations I name house, each the one through which I grew up and the one I’ve adopted.

The Pot Itself: For centuries, scorching pot was served in a donut-shaped copper pot with a fluted chimney within the middle, a design that in all probability originated from the Mongolians, who are sometimes credited with the dish’s creation almost 1,000 years in the past. (Although archeological evidence suggests that scorching pot’s origins might date again greater than 2,000 years, and the exact historical past has virtually as many variations because the dish itself.) Back then, the chimney allowed steam from the coals burning in a gap under to flee. Now, most scorching pot is served in metallic pots over electrical plates which might be inset in order that the highest of the pot is flush with the desk (to stop unintentional tipping) or on prime of burners. You should discover pots which might be conventional in form at pickled cabbage chains and eating places boasting Mongolian-style scorching pot, and coals getting used at ginger-duck eating places.

Adding steaming scorching broth to a pot a Bawei Ginger Duck

The Broth: Unless you’re going to a scorching pot restaurant that makes a speciality of one sort of broth, many will supply quite a lot of broths to select from. These might embrace:

  • Shabu (a transparent, primary broth, usually produced from bonito and kombu, although typically made with hen bones, pork bones, or dried cod), typically referred to as shua shua
  • Mala (spicy numbing, flavored with chiles and Sichuan peppercorns)
  • Herbal/Chinese drugs (made with Chinese herbs which might be good for you, resembling goji berries)
  • Pickled cabbage (bitter and salty)
  • Pork bone (a milky, pork-based broth)
  • Vegetable (lighter)
  • Kombu (seaweed-based)
  • Milk (made by simmering milk with a little bit of butter, garlic, onion, greens, and typically thinned out with inventory)
  • White pepper (a special sort of spicy)
  • Sukiyaki (sweeter soy, just like teriyaki)
  • Miso (miso paste dissolved in clear broth)
  • Kimchi (spicy and bitter)

The Condiment Bar: Making the right sauce is important. Most scorching pot eating places function a condiment bar with tubs of various sauces and fixings. Common choices embrace: soy sauce, black vinegar, Japanese soy sauce (barely sweeter and lighter than common soy sauce), white vinegar, sha cha paste (a gritty “barbecue sauce” made from shallots, garlic, dried shrimp, dried fish, and chiles), sesame oil, sesame paste, chile oil, chopped scallions, chopped garlic, cilantro, sliced chiles, grated daikon, and sesame seeds. Grab one (or extra) of the little bowls nearby and begin experimenting. My favourite combo includes a stability of soy sauce, Japanese soy sauce, sesame oil, sha cha sauce, recent chile or chile oil, chopped garlic, scallions, lemon juice (or black vinegar), a small spoonful of sugar, and an entire uncooked egg, crushed.

Shared-pot Etiquette: This varies, relying on how shut you’re together with your fellow diners. Most eating places present tongs and ladles, so nobody finally ends up sticking their chopsticks within the pot. The extra conscientious locations have separate chopsticks or tongs for putting uncooked meat within the broth and for eradicating it after it’s cooked. Some teams take a free-for-all strategy to consuming — that’s, they empty a full plate of an ingredient like cabbage or beef into the broth after which people fish out what they need. In different teams, particular person diners might choose to prepare dinner their very own meals.

Plates of cabbage, duck intestines, and dried fried tofu pores and skin at Bawei Ginger Duck

Shaved lamb meat subsequent to a transparent broth lamb pot at More Joy Lamb

Tips on Eating: The trick is to continually stability what’s able to eat and what’s cooking, with out letting something get overdone. Make positive to place in elements that take some time — root greens, corn — first, whereas continuously refilling with cabbage and tofu. Meat is thinly sliced so it cooks shortly! A couple of swishes with a chopstick must be sufficient.

Skim the Fat: After some time, meat eaters might discover a grayish movie begin to cloud their soup. This is from fats from the meat, and whereas edible, many individuals don’t take pleasure in it. Most locations will present a skimmer ladle — considerably skinny and made with wire mesh — as a way to take away the fats and throw it in a bowl to be discarded.

Turn Down the Heat and Ask for More Soup: After the preliminary boil, you’ll need to flip the recent pot right down to a simmer in order that the soup doesn’t prepare dinner away utterly. That soup will get extra strong and nuanced as you prepare dinner issues in it, so that you need to maintain onto it for so long as potential. That stated, there might be some extent the place the soup boils down sufficient that will probably be too shallow to prepare dinner in. Feel free to wave your server over and ask for a refill. In most instances, they’ll fill it with probably the most primary broth, it doesn’t matter what broth you began with, so your unique broth might grow to be watered down.

Doggie Bag It: Many eating places will allow you to take residence the soup and even the leftover elements (assuming it’s not an all-you-can-eat enterprise) in the event you can’t end. Restaurants additionally typically supply carry-out broth.

Three diners take pleasure in their particular person pots at Hui Brother Stone Pot

Karissa Chen is editor-in-chief of Hyphen journal and is engaged on a novel. She splits her time between New Jersey and Taipei.
Sean Marc Lee is a portraiture, way of life, editorial and road trend photographer who splits his time between Taipei, Tokyo, and Los Angeles.

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