Acacia Hills, Tanzania (Seven years and counting …)

I lately had the privilege of visiting the Acacia Hills farm located within the Ngorongoro area of Tanzania. Five Senses have a relationship with them that goes again over 7 years, and boy it’s one value getting enthusiastic about.

I can’t converse extremely sufficient of the individuals behind Acacia Hills with out whom the entire coffee farming area of Ngorongoro wouldn’t be what it’s at this time. Owners Leon and Aideen Christianakis and Mark Stell will not be solely likeable, hard-working individuals, however they provide a degree of honesty and care which filters by way of to all the things they do and everybody they work with – employees, enterprise relationships, neighbouring farmers and native individuals alike. It can also be seen in the best way they proceed to enhance their product yr on yr. It’s spectacular stuff!

First fruits

September marks the start of the harvest in Tanzania and everybody was enthusiastic about tasting this yr’s first fruits. For the farmers, it’s all the time a nerve-wracking time. This yr, harvesting was mixed with hope and a quiet optimism concerning the influence the modifications that have been remodeled the previous yr would have on the crop e.g. new infrastructure, newly refined processing strategies, extra managed drying procedures, new plots, new varietals, cooler parchment storage and so on…


The excellent news for Acacia Hills (and additionally for us) is that 2019 has produced a incredible harvest! The coffee is just the best it has ever been. It’s unimaginable to understand what has been achieved on this farm over the previous seven years. It’s much more encouraging that Leon, Aideen and Mark all assured me that our shared relationship has been an integral a part of their success.

Mutually useful

While I’ve all the time understood the moral and sensible advantages of buying and selling instantly with coffee farmers, it wasn’t till I truly sat underneath the celebs at night time round a fireplace listening to the concerns and fears which occupy a coffee farmer’s thoughts that I actually comprehended the advantages that a long run relationship with a purchaser can deliver. Simply put, a gentle revenue from a assured purchaser permits the farmers to plan future enhancements, while concurrently assuaging the ever-increasing fear of discovering a purchaser ready to pay a good worth for the newly harvested crop.

Only with a gentle stream of assured revenue are farmers capable of make vital modifications. This has been an enormous yr for deliberate enhancements at Acacia Hills, so we will’t look forward to the coffee to land in Australia on the finish of the month to style the top end result within the cup. We’re anticipating to see some main advantages from slower drying occasions and rigorous moisture management, plus we’re wanting ahead to tasting the top results of some fascinating experiments with delayed pulping which promise so as to add additional depth within the cup.

Shade Cover

They just lately constructed a big sunshade which covers all of the raised drying beds with the goal of slowing down the drying course of. It’s scorching throughout harvest time and the shade now buffers the valuable coffee from the excessive temperature spikes of the recent afternoon solar. If the coffee dries too shortly, the parchment (the outer pores and skin of the bean) can crack. This may be devastating for the coffee as a result of the parchment offers pure safety for the bean and acts as an insulator whereas it’s in storage or transit. The parchment seals its valuable cargo from the encompassing surroundings e.g. undesirable moisture good points or loss, offers safety from bugs and usually locks in freshness. Under the brand new shade cowl temperatures at the moment are monitored so as to sluggish drying occasions from 9-10 days to 13-14 days. It’s a lot gentler on the coffee and it ought to present a extra even moisture degree for the beans.

These slower drying occasions are monitored intently till the specified moisture degree is reached, at which level the coffee is bagged and saved in parchment to relaxation. With slower and extra constant drying occasions, it ought to be simpler to pinpoint the right time to tug the dried coffee off the tables for resting.

Newly acquired temperature and humidity loggers at the moment are scattered all through the drying beds to watch and transmit reside knowledge throughout the entire course of. Regular moisture exams are taken till the specified moisture degree is reached. It’s time-consuming and just a little tough, nevertheless it improves the standard, consistency and lifetime of the coffee so it’s properly well worth the funding.

Delayed pulping has additionally delivered some very fascinating outcomes this yr. Normally, the cherries are taken to the washing station for pulping straight after they’ve been picked. Allowing them to take a seat for 12-24hrs earlier than pulping has made a surprisingly vital change to the ultimate outcome. It’s this continuous additional care and drive for enchancment that’s making a distinction to the standard of the crop yr after yr.

Electrifying measures

Some of the extra sensible modifications that are displaying indicators of delivering some wholesome long-term outcomes embrace the introduction of latest electrical fences and well-placed wind breaks. Electric fences have lately been erected round the entire plantation of coffee timber. This has been an enormous expense however will hopefully yield some wins in long-term advantages.

The proven fact that Acacia Hills backs on to the Ngorongoro Crater and National park comes with its advantages. The majestic great thing about this mountainous, hardly touched panorama is crammed with wildlife. But all this uncooked magnificence comes at a price. Buffalo and elephant typically frequent the farm, typically leaving whole rows of coffee timber destroyed. Not to say the hazard they characterize for the employees. The fulltime staff and seasonal pickers engaged on the farm typically feared for his or her lives, sometimes even being chased up timber for hours at a time. These new electrical fences have been particularly launched to maintain the buffalo and elephants out. This large enterprise has confirmed to be a lot safer for the animals, the individuals and the coffee timber – so it’s a win all spherical – and will hopefully present satisfactory safety for the hundreds of younger timber which were planted for the longer term.

Acacia Hills is one in every of 5 farms within the Ngorongoro area and sits on the highest level of the mountain vary at roughly 1800msl. These are completely good circumstances for rising coffee, however sadly on the prime of a mountain vary there’s nowhere to cover from the prevailing winds. That is why 2019 has been the ‘year of the wind break.’ Twenty-three acres of younger coffee timber have now been planted utilizing Kow Kandy as a wind break. This poetically named plant is a sorghum Sudan grass hybrid which appears to be doing the job properly. It is quick rising, so in addition to shielding these younger coffee timber from the wind, it offers nice natural matter and acts as a weed suppressant across the coffee timber when it’s minimize. The younger coffee timber are wanting good (although it’s now the top of the dry season), so the Kow Kandy seems to have been the right answer for wind safety in addition to providing natural aspect advantages too.

Acacia Hills and Five Senses Coffee have shared a particular relationship for a lot of years now and we’re proud to deliver Acacia Hills coffee to Australia and showcase this superb farm and the small coffee rising area of Ngorongoro, Tanzania. Neighbouring nations resembling Rwanda and Burundi have basked within the coffee limelight over the previous decade, however with farms like Acacia Hills producing such distinctive high-grade specialty coffee in Tanzania, it’s nice to see this nation now competing with a few of the world’s best producers. The advantages of a secure two-way coffee relationship don’t simply prolong to the farm, however throughout the entire area and past.

Agriculture in Tanzania accounts for roughly 85% of exports and half of the employed workforce, with coffee being the crop with the second highest worth. Successful farming modifications not solely communities however entire areas. Success brings jobs and infrastructure which may change the lives of hundreds of native individuals.

So, I hope you’re as excited as we’re for this coffee to land right here in Australia. It’s going to style nice, nevertheless it’s additionally incredible to know that each cup you drink helps develop some worthwhile communities. With well-organized individuals on the bottom, who not solely love their nation however the individuals too, change for the higher advantages everybody. Give it a shot and tell us what you assume.

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